IS Case 33: Duodenal Obstruction secondary to adhesions

David Tuttle, MD

Imaging Sciences URMC


Imaging Sciences URMC 2008
Publication Date: 2009-05-19

History

Patient is 53-year-old male with a history of radiation to the entire periaortic area for testicular cancer, as well as laparotomy with SMA exploration and bowel resection.

Diagnosis

Duodenal Obstruction secondary to adhesions

Discussion

Duodenal obstruction in adults may be secondary to chronic pancreatitis (5% of patients with chronic pancreatitis experience symptomatic duodenal stenosis), pancreatic cancer, annular pancreas, Crohn’s disease (2-4% of patient’s with Crohn’s), vascular compression (SMA syndrome), and hematoma secondary to trauma.

Duodenal obstruction in the pediatric or neonatal population is often secondary to a congenital anomaly. Malrotation with midgut volvulus and/or Ladd bands, duodenal atresia or stenosis, intraluminal diverticula (may manifest at any age), duplication cysts, and annular pancreas (also presents in adults) may present with duodenal obstruction.

Patients present with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and weight loss. Diagnosis is confirmed radiologically with plain film, upper GI barium study, or CT, depending on the etiology. Treatment is often surgical.

References

  1. Sleisenger MH, Feldman M, Brandt LJ. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management, 2-vol., 8th ed. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2006.
  2. Townsend C, Mattox KL, Evers BM, Beauchamp RD. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery, 17th ed. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2004.

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