IS Case 221: Fracture of the os peroneum
Imaging Sciences URMC 2006
Publication Date: 2009-06-25
Fracture of the os peroneum.
Fracture of the os peroneum
The os peroneum is one of the most common ossicles in the foot, presenting approximately 26% of the time. The ossicle resides within the fibers of the peroneus longus tendon as the tendon makes its turn around the cuboid before entering the canal formed by the long plantar ligament.
Fracture of this ossicle may result from violent dorsiflexion or direct impact from an external force. A fracture of this ossicle must be differentiated from a bipartite os peroneum, another normal variant. This can be done with correlation with history, palpation, and, MRI if necessary. Failure to diagnosis this condition may result in progressive tendinopathy caused by frictional forces of the bony fragments on the tendon and resultant chronic pain.
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