IS case 459: Azygos lobe
Imaging Sciences URMC 2010
Publication Date: 2010-08-30
The patient is a 41-year-old male presenting status post-motor vehicle collision.
The azygos lobe is a normal variant, which occurs in approximately 0.4% of the population. It forms when the azygos vein fails to migrate over the apex of the right lung and instead courses through the right upper lobe dragging along with it the parietal and visceral pleura, forming the azygos fissure. The azygos fissure is a curvilinear line, which extends from the right tracheobronchial angle to the apex of the right lung. The azygos vein lies within the fissure and appears on plain film as a characteristic "tear drop" at the inferior margin of the azygos fissure.
- Mata J, Cáceres J, Alegret X, Coscojuela P, De Marcos JA. Imaging of the azygos lobe: normal anatomy and variations. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991 May;156(5):931-7. PMID: 2017954