IS Case 569: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt pseudocyst
Imaging Sciences URMC 2010
Publication Date: 2011-11-16
Intraperitoneal pseudocysts associated with VP shunt catheters are localized, walled-off collections of CSF. Nuclear medicine or other shunt studies can demonstrate a communication between the VP shunt and pseudocyst. Pseudocysts are variable in size and appearance. Small, loculated collections tend to be infected, while large cysts tend to be sterile CSF collections. Similar collections can also occur in the subcutaneous tissues and may indicate an underlying discontinuity of the VP shunt tubing. Intraperitoneal pseudocysts may cause bowel obstruction, ventriculomegaly and increased intracranial pressure.
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